Tag Archives: solid hull

Building a Bread-and_Butter Solid Hull Ship Model

Solid-Hull Models Present a Challenge: Finding a Large Enough Block of Wood

Bread-and-Butter Solid Hull Construction Makes Scratch-Building Easier

Cutting Planks to Ship Plan Waterlines Shortens Hull Shaping Time

Reference, line, mark, pattern, Ship model, Arab, Sambouk, dhow, scratch-building, solid hull, bread-and-butter, François-Edmond Pâris. Souvenirs de marine
Building a Bread-and-Butter Solid Hull Ship Model

One of the most popular methods of scratch-building a solid hull for larger ship models, called the bread-and-butter technique, reduces the thickness (and expense) of wood needed as compared to the solid block method.

This method uses the waterlines from the ship plan to cut out several planks that will be layered like slices of bread to create the solid hull, and glued together (the butter).

A major advantage of this method – in addition to less cost for wood than a solid block – is that since each plank is cut to the breadth of the hull at a certain level, there is less filing and sanding to reach the final shape than a single block of wood, which must be cut to the widest breadth of the hull.

We are launching a project Building a Bread-and-Butter Solid Hull Ship Model to show step-by-step how it’s done.

Types of Ship Model Kits

Getting Started in Model Ship Building?


Building a kit is a good way to start before tackling scratch-building

Model Shipways Phantom ship model kit solid hull wood basswood
Model Shipways’ Phantom solid hull ship model kit.

For the beginning ship modeler, scratch-building a ship model from a
plan can be a daunting challenge. A better option for a first project in
most cases is to pick from the vast array of ship model kits available

There are a number of international, and a few U.S. ship model kit
manufacturers, and they are constantly coming out with new offerings
that set a ship modeler’s mind racing with possibilities. But, while
model ship kit manufacturers are constantly introducing new kits, and
adding more detailed models to their lineup, all model ship kits fall
into three basic categories, based on hull construction technique: Solid
hull; Plank-on-bulkhead; and Plank-on-frame.

For a review of these basic ship model kit types, see our page Types of Ship Model Kits